Relatively speaking, my HAKKAPernanakan Baba-NyonyaChen-Yeap” ancestry lineage in Malaya is way much longer than Tun Dr Mahathir’s Kerala ancestry.

Hakkas helped built the societies in Ipoh, Penang, Malacca, Kuala Lumpur, Singapura, Hong Kong (especially Sheung Shui, and Yuen Long, New Territories), Taiwan, Indonesia, Australia, USA, and Malaya like Lee Kuan Yew (李光耀), Kapitan China Yap Ah Loy, the Founder of Kuala Lumpur (Chinese), Kapitan China Yap Kwan Seng (Chinese: 葉觀盛), Capitan China Chung Keng Quee (traditional Chinese甲); and other HAKKA families, and pay much TAXES.

Side Note:
My parents’ Hakka surnames “Chen and Yeap (葉)” have multiple variations in English spelling in various countries and cities. For example Chen (曾)can be spelled as Tsang in Hong Kong (in Cantonese).

One of my “Heung Har” ancestry home is “Tsang Shing” or Tsang-Chen Clan Village near Guangzhou, China.

Tsang Sing Village Head.JPG

We discovered one of our Tsang-Chen Ancestry Clan Villages in Guangzhou in 2003.



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As the most diasporic among the Chinese community groups, the worldwide population of Hakkas is about 80 million to 120 million.

The Five Hakka Migration Diaspora:
First Hakka Migration (c. 311)
Second Hakka Migration (c. 960)
Third Hakka Migration (c. 1125)
Fourth Hakka Migration (c. 1644)
Fifth  Hakka Migration (c. 1850-1864)

The Hakka (Chinese: 客家), sometimes Hakka Han, are Han Chinese people whose ancestral homes are chiefly in the Hakka-speaking provincial areas of Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangxi, Guangxi, Sichuan, Hunan, Zhejiang, Hainan and Guizhou.

The Hakka people have had significant influence on the course of modern Chinese and overseas Chinese history; in particular, they have been a source of many government and military leaders — in 1984, over half of the Standing Committee of the Politburo were ethnically Hakka.

Read about Discrimination and Mass killings of Hakkas in 19th century

In retaliation for establishing the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, the Qing Dynasty military massacred the Hakkas, killing 30,000 of the Hakkas daily during the height of the anti-Hakka mass-killing operation.

The bloody Punti-Hakka Clan Wars, which eventually killed some 500,000 Hakkas (or quite possibly even more), saw large-scale massacres against the Hakkas by Cantonese forces.

The Hakka language was the national language of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, which had, at one stage, occupied one-third of China in the 19th century. Today, it is one of the official languages of Taiwan.

Hakka cuisine is known for the use of preserved meats and tofu as well as stewed and braised dishes. A popular dish known as Yong Tau Foo is a Hakka Chinese food consisting primarily of tofu that has been filled with either a ground meat mixture or fish paste (surimi).


Madam Tan Liew Sim in Peranankan Wedding Attire.jpg

My beautiful Mum’s mother in traditional Kebaya & Sarong Peranakan (Straits Chinese) Wedding Dress and Nyonya-Baba jewelry in Penang. Madam Tan Liew Sin (a Peranakan Hokkien, born in 1905, the Year of the Snake, age 24) married Yeap Beng Seng (a Penang Hakka, born in 1904, the Year of Dragon, age 25) in 1929.

My granny did not have foot binding.

For centuries, Hakkas were nomads. The Chinese characters for Hakka () literally mean “guest families”. Hakka women worked as hard as Hakka men. Bound feet “Tai Tais” were only for the very rich who don’t have to work or move much.

My granny and mum made and sold Nyonya Kuih (cakes) during the World War 2 Imperial Japan occupation of Malaya.

Nyonya Kuih (Cake Names).jpg

Nyonya Kuih (Cake Names)

Pulut Tai Tai + Baba Beng Kaya.jpg

My favorite Nyonya Kuih: Kuih Angku, Onde Onde, Bingka, and Pulut Tai Tai (aka Pulut Kaya/ Tekan with gourmet “Baba Beng” Kaya)


Lin Chua aka Yap Swee Lin.jpg

With my good old friend Lin Chua aka Yap Swee Lin, granddaughter of Kapitan Cina Yap Kwan Seng (the Last Kapitan China of Kuala Lumur), Founder of Autorr Foundation

han chin pet soo & Robert - WM

Read more about Malaysia’s First Hakka Tin Mining Museum and Hakka People “The Jews of Asia”: Han Chin Pet Soo in IPOH:


Published: 22nd July 2019.
Updated: 24th July 2019.


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Foot binding
 was the custom of applying tight binding to the feet of young girls to modify the shape and size of their feet. The practice possibly originated among upper class court dancers during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in 10th century China, then gradually became popular among the elite during the Song dynasty. Foot binding eventually spread to most social classes by the Qing dynasty and the practice finally came to an end in the early 20th century. Bound feet were at one time considered a status symbol as well as a mark of beauty. Yet, foot binding was a painful practice and significantly limited the mobility of women, resulting in lifelong disabilities for most of its subjects. Feet altered by binding were called lotus feet.


Brenda offerign Tea to Granny.jpg

My late wife Brenda kneeling and offering a cup of Chinese tea to Granny. She only wanted to taste the sweetness of accepting a cup of tea from Brenda and I. She was very sick that she missed the Chinese banquet that wedding celebration night. My granny passed over 40 days after my wedding, after I did my first Cross-over Whispering one day after my wedding.

My First Afterlife & Cross-over Whispering was with my Dying Grandmother 1 day after my Wedding