Krakatoa’s massive eruption in 1883 rocked the world and killed 37,000 people.

  • The force of the explosions during the 1883 eruption was reportedly 10,000 times stronger than the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.
  • The eruption sent a plume of ash 27km into the air, affecting weather patterns across the globe for years, and plunging the surrounding area into darkness for days.

A map of the region. Graphic: SCMP

As the ash circled the globe, blue and green sunsets were observed around the world for the next three years. Months later, gigantic chunks of pumice and ash encasing trees and other debris washed ashore as far as Mauritius and Australia.

“The Krakatoa explosion registered 172 decibels at 100 miles from the source. This is so astonishingly loud, that it’s inching up against the limits of what we mean by sound,” science writer Aatish Bhatia wrote in a blog post. “Amazingly, for as many as five days after the explosion, weather stations in 50 cities around the globe observed this unprecedented spike in pressure re-occurring like clockwork, approximately every 34 hours. That is roughly how long it takes sound to travel around the entire planet.”

The resulting shock wave was detected by every recording barograph at the world in the time instruments in Paris and Washington DC.

Krakatoa’s eruption even inspired one of the 19th century’s most famous works of art, Edvard Munch’s painting The Scream. Researchers from Texas State University in 2004 located the spot where Edvard Munch had been standing when he watched the spectacular sunset in far-off Oslo in November 1883. Munch reportedly “felt a great, unending scream piercing through nature,” while watching the sunset, inspiring the painting 10 years after Krakatoa’s eruption half a world away.

RATING:  #RobertReview (Volcano, Tsunami):  8.9 | 10


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Published:  26th December 2018.
Updated: 27th December 2018.

Image result for Edvard Munch’s painting The Scream

The Scream – inspired by Krakatoa 


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