1. Title: Kama Sutra, Hindu’s ancient book on sex, erotic Hindu temple statues, and scriptures recognizes homosexuality for thousands of years, now gay sex is decriminalized in India.
2. Review description: Well researched article, with plenty of historical, scriptural references to prove homosexuality was widely accepted in ancient Bharat (India). Kama Sutra is about the art of love-making intimate connection, and oneness – not lust.
3. Rating: #RobertChaenReview (sex): 9 | 10
India this month overturned a British-era law criminalising gay sex in a landmark judgment by the country’s Supreme Court, triggering a debate on a colonial relic the rest of Asia still finds difficult to shake off.
The Hindu epics are dotted with characters like Shikhandi in the Mahabharata, who was born female and became male; many Hindus venerate the half-man, half-woman Ardhanarishvara; and temple sculptures across India depict homosexual acts.
Temples openly depicted erotica, since sensual pleasure (kama) was seen by Hindus as one of the purusharthas, the four vital expressions of human life, along with dharma (righteous conduct), artha (the pursuit of material success and wealth) and moksha (ultimate salvation). The purpose of human life is to pursue all four goals with the same commitment and to lead an existence that harmoniously integrates all four.
The sculptures and carvings on the walls of the 12th-century Khajuraho temple in central India explicitly depict couplings that employ every conceivable sexual position, whether heterosexual, homosexual or bisexual. Lesbians are shown in flagrante, but then they were recognised as swarinis in the 2nd-century text on love and eroticism, the Kama Sutra, which even recognises homosexual marriage as “a union of love and cohabitation, without the need for parental approval”.
Indian legends cheerfully portray sexually ambiguous individuals and relationships. The mythological Bhagirathi was born of two queens who made love to each other when his father, the king, died. Varuna and Mitra were two gods depicted as a “same-sex couple” in ancient Indian scripture, always shown side-by-side. The religious text Shatapatha Brahmana mentions them as personifications of two half-moons implanting their seed in each other as the moon waxes and wanes.
Indeed, homosexual sex is mentioned without embarrassment: homosexuals and the “third gender” were widely accepted identities. In the Valmiki Ramayana, female Rakshasis are mentioned who kiss women lying on the demon-king Ravana’s bed, on whose lips still linger the taste of their master.
Chief Justice Misra, cites the words “I am what I am. So, take me as I am.”
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6. Published: 15th September 2018.
Updated: 16th September 2018.
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