Lantern Festival: five things you need to know about the Chinese version of Valentine’s Day

Lantern Festival: five things you need to know about the Chinese version of Valentine’s Day
A girl rides her bike past giant lanterns in Changchun, northeast China’s Jilin Province. Photo: Xinhua/Lin Hong


A girl rides her bike past giant lanterns in Changchun, northeast China’s Jilin Province. Photo: Xinhua/Lin Hong

Today in Hong Kong, across China and around the world, millions of people will come together to celebrate Lantern Festival, or Chinese Valentine’s Day. The event is characterised by its iconic red Chinese lanterns, which are lit to represent hope for the year ahead. Here we take you through the traditions and meanings behind this ancient festival.

1. It’s more than 2,000 years old

Lantern Festival is celebrated on the fifteenth day of the Lunar New Year – as the first full moon appears. Its origins date back to the Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 25), when Buddhist monks would light lanterns in order to worship Buddha. Releasing the lanterns, which are red for good luck, symbolises people letting go of their past selves and embracing new identities for the coming year.

A woman walks past lanterns at an exhibition of lanterns in Handan, in China’s northern Hebei province. Photo: AFP

2. It’s also known as Chinese Valentine’s Day

Traditionally, the festival was one of few days in the year when unmarried women were allowed outside without a chaperone, giving them the chance to socialise with potential suitors. Lighting lanterns is also seen as a sign of a hope for blossoming romances.

People take photos of colorful lanterns at Hong Kong Cultural Center Piazza. Photo: Xinhua

3. Hongkongers can celebrate it at several public events – or just enjoy a family meal

The Hong Kong government has installed a lantern exhibition outside the Cultural Centre as part of the Lunar New Year celebrations. The lanterns come in all shapes, colours and sizes; animals of the Chinese zodiac are among those featured.

Children look at Monkey-themed lanterns at the New Territories East Lunar New Year Carnival in Po Tsui Park, New Territories, Hong Kong. Photo: EPA

A free lantern carnival will also take place at the Hong Kong Cultural Centre Piazza in Tsim Sha Tsui from 7.30-10.30pm.

Alternatively, families simply gather after dinner to eat yuan xiao or tang yuan (glutinous rice balls) which resemble the shape of the full moon and symbolise family unity. They might also play games, try to solve puzzles attached to lanterns, and watch theatrical lion dances and fireworks displays.

An exhibition of lanterns in Handan, in China’s northern Hebei province. Photo: AFP

4. It marks the end of New Year taboos

Throughout the first 15 days of the Lunar New Year, certain superstitions abound. Among the concepts thought to bring bad luck are a crying child, a hospital visit, ripped clothes, breaking tools or equipment and giving gifts such as scissors and clocks. Lantern Festival signifies the end of these taboos – until next year.

Villagers perform Yangko, a Chinese rural folk dance, to celebrate the coming Lantern Festival in Longde County, northwest China’s Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. Photo: Xinhua/Peng Zhaozhi.

5. It’s even got its own Google Doodle

The festival has been well and truly embraced by search engine giant Google. Its doodle for the 2016 celebrations features two people setting off lanterns from a jetty.

A Google spokesman said: “Guest Doodler Patrick Leger chose to honour this day with a tribute to the lighting of paper lanterns, which speckle the night sky on this special occasion.

“The lanterns represent a smooth transition into the new year and the shedding of one’s past.”

PUBLISHED : Monday, 22 February, 2016, 2:24pm
UPDATED : Monday, 22 February, 2016, 4:47pm
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Global CEO-Founder of ChangeU and Movsha Movers & Shakers, Hero-CEO Whisperer, Writer, The #1 Alpha Change Expert, Father of Asian FireWalking Robert Chaen is an International Keynote Speaker, writer, researcher, and corp games designer. He is famously known to be the “Hero-CEO Whisperer”, 1-on1 coaching with many CEOs and Celebrities for corporate strategies, staff & office political issues, personal branding, and even public figure OSHA safety drilling called Drager Defense. He has transformed CEOs and managers in Coca-Cola China, TVB Hong Kong, Cathay Pacific, Hong Kong Airport Services, VADS, TM, Public Bank, Auditor General's Office Maldives, etc. He is the prolific creator and online Author of innovative management tools such as DragonCEO, Diamond Leader, Papillon Personal Effectiveness, OSHA Drager Defense, KPI Bank, etc. He is also the Founder of Movsha, an international networking with monthly mingles with MOVers & SHAkers, Angels, Entrepreneurs, CEOs, Celebrities, HR-PR-CSR, HODs, and the Most Influential IDEA people. ​Chaen is widely considered as one of the top International Platform Keynote Speakers for Resorts World Genting Senior Management Conference (Manila), 7-Eleven HK, Samsung, Coca-Cola China Mini-MBA @Tsing Hua University, Cathay Pacific, Hong Kong Jockey Club, The Story Conference where he interviewed Datuk Kamarudin (Chairman of AirAsia) and Siti Nurhaliza. He has been widely featured in TVB, AWSJ, CNBC, SCMP, The Star, and Sin Chew. As “The Father of Asian FireWalking”, he coached TVB celebrities (Ekin Cheng Yee-Kin) to walk on 650°C fire; and raised HK$68M in the world’s 1st and only live TV Charity FireWalk (TVB Tung Wah Charity Show), before Tony Robbins even came to Asia. If Robert can get you to walk on 650⁰C fire, he can inspire you to be THE BEST. He champions CN-HK-EU-US Tycoons to be philanthropic, and to be angel investors to support the next generation of Jack Mas, Steve Jobs, Richard Bransons, Steven Spielbergs, or Barrack Obamas. With some slick motivational speakers with fake doctorates out there, graduates often describe Robert to be "the most credible, empowering, truthful Coach" who believe in his graduates to believe in themselves. ​However, clients have described Robert as "The #1 Cool Badass Alpha Change Expert". He has the coolest first class stature, rapport and trust from clients. He will not hesitate to tell the badass truth ever so gently because clients are paying him big bucks to reveal the truth, find solutions, persuade the hostile HODs, and align cross-teams within the organization. Originally based in Hong Kong for 20+ years, he had worked with top Branding/Ad agencies at J Walter Thompson and Leo Burnett, and was a certified FranklinCovey (7 Habits) in USA, and NLP MasterCoach (USA). His warmth is known to soften the most hardened, resistant sceptics. He will inspire your team to Go for Top 1, or to be a Dragon CEO. With boundless energies, Robert owns 15+ successful business Joint-Ventures, and created unique products under his global VC network called Chaen's Angels VC. He is deeply passionate about ChangeUTH Youth CSR, Science-Based Medicine (vs. quackery), short films and Reality TV. Touched by a personal tragedy through the loss of his HK-born Portuguese wife, co-coach and business partner, Brenda José of 18 years, Robert explores the many ways in which the spirit world is communicating with the living with real scientific studies and evidence. He gives inspiring conferences on The Secret Afterlife.

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