Qin dynasty crossbow found at China’s Terracota Army site may reveal secret of emperor’s success

Qin dynasty crossbow found at China’s Terracota Army site may reveal secret of emperor’s success

A 2,200-year old 1.3-metre long crossbow believed to have had a range of up to 800 metres has been found by archaeologists during excavations in China

 The well preserved crossbow remains half buried in the ground beside a terracotta warrior. Photos: SCMP Pictures, AFP

A 2,200-year old crossbow believed to have had a range of perhaps twice that of a modern assault rifle has been found by archaeologists during excavations at the site of China’s Terracotta Army.

The large bow, measuring about 1.3 metres in length, could possibly have fired arrows at distances of up to 800 metres, said archaeologists at the Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum in Xian, in Shaanxi province.

INFOGRAPHIC: How to build a Terracotta Army in 16 easy steps

Shen Maosheng, the lead scientist working on the excavation work, told Chinese Business View that the discovery of the “sophisticated” weapon at the burial site was very exciting.

The type of crossbow used during the Qin dynasty (221-207BC) is of huge interest to archaeologists and historians because it could finally reveal the secret of Emperor Qin’s success in battle.

Archaeologists believe the crossbow bow, which measures about 1.3 metres in length, could have fired arrows at distances of up to 800 metres. Photo: SCMP Pictures

His legendary army conquered all the different neighbouring kingdoms to establish the first empire in China.

Previous crossbows found buried at the site had been badly damaged, causing researchers difficulty in estimating the effectiveness and power of the weapon, Shen said.

However, the newly uncovered crossbow remained well preserved and had almost all of its parts intact.

The ancient weapon contained some rare parts that researchers had only read about in historical documents, he said.

It will still take a lot more work by archaeologists to retrieve the fragile bow in its entirety from the site.

Shen said they would carry out the final part of excavation work on the bow with the utmost care as it was very fragile.

For the moment it remained half buried in ground alongside a terracotta warrior, he said.

The terracotta army – a collection of sculptures of Emperor Qin’s army – was created to protect him in the afterlife, and discovered near the Chinese city of Xian in 1974. Photo: SCMP Pictures

Researchers hope they will be able to build a replica version of the crossbow, using the exact same design and materials used in the original, to test its effective range.

Shen said the crossbow could have a range of perhaps twice that of a modern assault rifle.

Although the new find might not be the most powerful weapon used by the Qin army, it could shed new light on advancements in technology at that time.

The crossbow is referred to in many ancient historic documents, which stated that the victories of Qin’s army owed much to its use of bows, which could fire arrows over long distances and cause large numbers of casualties among its enemies.

However, the precise distance the bow could fire arrows has always remained a matter of debate.

Historical texts recorded the distance at 800 metres or more, but doubts have been expressed about whether the ancient weapon was really so effective.

The new discovery offered the hope that such disputes could finally be settled, the archaeologists said.

Qin’s terracotta army – a collection of terracotta sculptures of his army – was created to protect the emperor in the afterlife.

The site was uncovered in 1974 by local farmers and was later listed as a world heritage site by Unesco.

So far more than 7,000 terracotta soldiers, horses and chariots have been unearthed.

PUBLISHED : Friday, 20 March, 2015, 12:59pm
UPDATED : Friday, 20 March, 2015, 1:21pm#TerracottaArmy  #TerracottaCrossbrow #QinDynasty #EmperorQinshihuang

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Robert Chaen

Global CEO-Founder of ChangeU and Movsha Movers & Shakers, Hero-CEO Whisperer, Writer, The #1 Alpha Change Expert, Father of Asian FireWalking Robert Chaen is an International Keynote Speaker, writer, researcher, and corp games designer. He is famously known to be the “Hero-CEO Whisperer”, 1-on1 coaching with many CEOs and Celebrities for corporate strategies, staff & office political issues, personal branding, and even public figure OSHA safety drilling called Drager Defense. He has transformed CEOs and managers in Coca-Cola China, TVB Hong Kong, Cathay Pacific, Hong Kong Airport Services, VADS, TM, Public Bank, Auditor General's Office Maldives, etc. He is the prolific creator and online Author of innovative management tools such as DragonCEO, Diamond Leader, Papillon Personal Effectiveness, OSHA Drager Defense, KPI Bank, etc. He is also the Founder of Movsha, an international networking with monthly mingles with MOVers & SHAkers, Angels, Entrepreneurs, CEOs, Celebrities, HR-PR-CSR, HODs, and the Most Influential IDEA people. ​Chaen is widely considered as one of the top International Platform Keynote Speakers for Resorts World Genting Senior Management Conference (Manila), 7-Eleven HK, Samsung, Coca-Cola China Mini-MBA @Tsing Hua University, Cathay Pacific, Hong Kong Jockey Club, The Story Conference where he interviewed Datuk Kamarudin (Chairman of AirAsia) and Siti Nurhaliza. He has been widely featured in TVB, AWSJ, CNBC, SCMP, The Star, and Sin Chew. As “The Father of Asian FireWalking”, he coached TVB celebrities (Ekin Cheng Yee-Kin) to walk on 650°C fire; and raised HK$68M in the world’s 1st and only live TV Charity FireWalk (TVB Tung Wah Charity Show), before Tony Robbins even came to Asia. If Robert can get you to walk on 650⁰C fire, he can inspire you to be THE BEST. He champions CN-HK-EU-US Tycoons to be philanthropic, and to be angel investors to support the next generation of Jack Mas, Steve Jobs, Richard Bransons, Steven Spielbergs, or Barrack Obamas. With some slick motivational speakers with fake doctorates out there, graduates often describe Robert to be "the most credible, empowering, truthful Coach" who believe in his graduates to believe in themselves. ​However, clients have described Robert as "The #1 Cool Badass Alpha Change Expert". He has the coolest first class stature, rapport and trust from clients. He will not hesitate to tell the badass truth ever so gently because clients are paying him big bucks to reveal the truth, find solutions, persuade the hostile HODs, and align cross-teams within the organization. Originally based in Hong Kong for 20+ years, he had worked with top Branding/Ad agencies at J Walter Thompson and Leo Burnett, and was a certified FranklinCovey (7 Habits) in USA, and NLP MasterCoach (USA). His warmth is known to soften the most hardened, resistant sceptics. He will inspire your team to Go for Top 1, or to be a Dragon CEO. With boundless energies, Robert owns 15+ successful business Joint-Ventures, and created unique products under his global VC network called Chaen's Angels VC. He is deeply passionate about ChangeUTH Youth CSR, Science-Based Medicine (vs. quackery), short films and Reality TV. Touched by a personal tragedy through the loss of his HK-born Portuguese wife, co-coach and business partner, Brenda José of 18 years, Robert explores the many ways in which the spirit world is communicating with the living with real scientific studies and evidence. He gives inspiring conferences on The Secret Afterlife.

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